Chemical Engineering covers a wide range of disciplines which are broadly classified into four main branches: civil and industrial engineering, chemical technology, environmental and fuels engineering, and agricultural chemical technology. Chemical engineering is a wide-ranging field that entails transforming one substance into another. It usually involves various fields such as physics, chemistry, biology, materials science, and computer science to name a few, to apply, create, design, and manipulate various materials and energy. The main objective of the entire chemical engineering discipline is to derive or synthesize useful chemical substances from various raw sources at the most inexpensive cost with the greatest precision. These chemicals can be used for a variety of purposes such as controlling the chemical reaction, manufacture of drugs and utilities, converting energy, and many more.
The first step in chemical engineering is the conversion of substances that already exist into a form that can be further utilized. Then, depending on the needs of the system, engineers have to design the particular chemical process or method that can accomplish the purpose. Some chemical engineering tasks include the development of process standards, designing the equipment used, purification of chemicals, and the use of safe materials during operation. A lot of emphasis is laid on the use of correct safety precautions in chemical engineering as the use of incorrect chemicals and equipment can cause serious hazards that can lead to the loss of lives and properties.
For those who are looking to pursue a career in chemical engineering, the best thing is to get a bachelor’s degree. This will give you the basic knowledge that you need as a chemical engineer. You can also get other major degrees such as the masters’ degree or Ph.D. You must have a strong interest in chemistry, physics and mathematics in order to successfully complete your bachelor’s degree. If you are not interested in doing these things, then you can consider taking some classes first to help you gain more knowledge on these topics before you go for the bachelor’s degree programs.
Chemical engineering is mostly related to the four major branches of engineering: power generation, electricity generation, environmental remediation, and manufacturing processes. These processes involve the use of chemicals in manufacturing processes. In the power generation branch, these engineers design and build electric generators; they test the performance of the generators and solve design and manufacturing problems that come with it. They also help to develop the manufacturing processes of electricity, gas and oil. Chemical engineers are usually involved in the development of new chemicals for these sectors.
In the electricity sector, chemical engineering helps to design the transmission and production of electricity. It also takes care of the design of electrical circuits and the creation of machines for these processes. In the fuel-efficient automobiles project, chemical engineers are mainly responsible for the design and production of the internal combustion engine of an automobile. In the automotive industry, they are also involved in the projects of designing the different components that make up the engine. In environmental remediation, they analyze the problems associated with the remediation of hazardous waste, creating conditions for safe waste disposal.
The fourth stream of chemical engineering covers the fields of manufacturing and management of the processes that take place within the chemical plants. Within this area of specialization, chemical engineers are primarily responsible for the development and manufacture of the various products used in these processes. Some of the processes in this stream of industry include plastics and polymers, coatings, dyes, antioxidants and the elimination of hazardous waste. In addition, they also have a wider scope because they have direct involvement in the processes that give rise to the market needs and desires.
The fifth stream of chemical engineering deals with the utilization of the raw materials in the manufacturing process. These raw materials include gases, solvents, chemicals, lubricants, polymers, and renewable or nonrenewable resources. It requires expertise in many industries that are not covered by the traditional engineering processes. Examples of these industries include those in the transportation, power generation, chemicals, food and beverage, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals. Chemical engineers may be employed in almost every area where there is an effort to utilize the materials through chemical processes.
Chemical engineering has many applications and thus there is a significant amount of job opportunity for these professionals. However, chemical engineering as a field of engineering is generally diversified and requires the employment of diverse individuals with a range of specialties and skill sets. Therefore, for those seeking employment in this field, it is imperative to prepare a comprehensive curriculum vitae that portrays one’s ability to perform a number of these technical tasks. Additionally, a professional engineering resume should contain relevant samples of previously compiled and published work in support of the candidate’s application.